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Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles; dyed paraffin wax can be made into crayons. Definition of paraffin 1 a : a waxy crystalline flammable substance obtained especially from distillates of wood, coal, petroleum, or shale oil that is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and is used chiefly in coating and sealing, in candles, in rubber compounding, and in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics Watch Queue Queue. The paraffins are major constituents of natural gas and petroleum. Paraffin hydrocarbon, also called alkane, any of the saturated hydrocarbons having the general formula C n H 2n+2, C being a carbon atom, H a hydrogen atom, and n an integer. paraffin, white, more-or-less translucent, odorless, tasteless, waxy solid. What is paraffin? The only intermolecular forces of attraction that can act between the hydrocarbon molecules in the paraffin wax solid and the molecules making up a liquid will be the weakest of all the intermolecular forces, dispersion forces (or London forces). Paraffins are also called alkanes and have the general formula of C n H 2n+2, where n is the number of carbon atoms in a given molecule.Paraffins are divided into two groups of normal and isoparaffins. Heavier members of the series, such as that of octane C8H18, appear as liquids at room temperature. Candlewick fire starters The well started operating on June 24, 2011, with a flush production rate based on oil in the casing that had been used to treat the paraffin problem. Neither of these moleculesare paraffins. 2020-12-12. Normal paraffins or normal alkanes are simply written as n-paraffins or n-alkanes, and they are open, straight-chain saturated hydrocarbons. (2) A waxcomposed mostly high molecular weighthydrocarbons, having typically twenty to forty carbon atoms per molecule. Experts. Browse and search thousands of Chemistry Abbreviations and acronyms in our comprehensive reference resource. paraffin inhibitors—high-molecular-weight polymers that interact with paraffins in the crude to modify (inhibit) wax crystal formation, shape, size, and adhesion characteristics pour-point depressants—polymers with n -alkyl chains that similarly impede wax crystal formation, leading to lower fluid viscosity, pour point, and yield stress A typical chemical composition of alkane paraffin wax contains hydrocarbons with the … Paraffin. Paraffin waxes are mixtures of saturated n- and iso-alkanes, naphthenes and aromatic compounds which are substituted by alkyl and naphthene. Paraffin wax is made up of non-polar hydrocarbon molecules. ; The best known animal wax is beeswax, but other insects secrete waxes as well. Paraffin inhibitor should be injected into the well before the crude oil cools to its cloud point. Ear wax is a mixture of phospholipids and esters of cholesterol. Paraffin wax refers to the solids with n between 20 and 40, inclusive. Robert J. Ouellette, J. David Rawn, in Principles of Organic Chemistry, 2015. Crude oil is a finite resource. Paraffin: (1) An old term for a saturated acyclic alkane (not a cycloalkane). In chemistry, paraffin is the common name for the alkane hydrocarbons with the general formula C n H 2n+2. Paraffin Treatment Chemistry ParaFlow ® HE-508MM ParaFlow HE-508MM, one of our flagship products, is the culmination of years of innovative product development of a delivery system for a conventional, proven paraffin crystal structure modification chemistry … The name is derived from Latin parum ("barely") + affinis, meaning "lacking affinity" or "lacking reactivity" indicating paraffin's unreactive nature. What does paraffin mean? Alkane definition is - any of numerous saturated hydrocarbons; specifically : any of a series of open-chain hydrocarbons CnH2n+2 (such as methane and butane) —called also paraffin. And for normal beauty uses, inhalation risk is minimal, meaning there’s no regulation limiting its inclusion in normal beauty and skincare products. DSSTox_CID_269. Heavier members of the series, such as that of octane, C8H18, and mineral oil appear as liquids at room temperature. noun. Paraffin wax refers to the solids with n between 20 and 40, inclusive. Waxes form the protective coating by the mixture of long-chain apolar lipids. Contents. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. paraffins: Plural form of paraffin. Paraffin inhibitor should be injected into the well before the crude oil … The solid forms of paraffin, called paraffin wax, are from the heaviest molecules from C20H42 to C40H82. Paraffin refers to many chemicals that are white or colorless soft solids and combustible liquid that consists of saturated hydrocarbons, mainly alkane series, obtained from a petroleum refinery. A global team of industry-recognized experts contributes incisive and thought-provoking analysis. There is a greater demand for smaller hydrocarbons than larger ones. The simplest paraffin molecule is that of methane, CH4, a gas at room temperature. “Paraffin” is derived from the Latin words for “not much” and “affinity”, a reference to its chemical unreactivity. Olefins are alkenes, and paraffins are alkanes. Manuel announced in February that paraffin, which is widely used by poor people for heating and lighting, would be zero-rated for VAT purposes, thereby cutting the fuel's price by about 40 cents a litre. This article is cited by 34 publications. Paraffin Meaning in Hindi ... Wax - Chemistry LibreTexts. This page was last changed on 20 October 2014, at 21:25. Paraffin wax is a white or colorless soft, solid wax. Paraffin hydrocarbon, also called alkane, any of the saturated hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n+2, C being a carbon atom, H a hydrogen atom, and n an integer. In chemistry, paraffin is used synonymously with "alkane", indicating hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2. Examples of paraffin wax in the following topics: Waxes. Modified … Paraffins, also known as alkanes, are saturated compounds that have the general formula C n H 2n+2, where n is the number of carbon atoms. paraffin definition: 1. a clear liquid with a strong smell that is made from coal or petroleum, and used as a fuel…. using paraffin as fuel, no doubt more on petrol, then not as easily available.’ ‘As renewable sources of fuel, such as wood become scarce it is important for any society to make the transition to mass-produced fuels such as coal or paraffin, and then later shift to electricity or gas.’ the good: Helps to form a protective barrier on the skin, retaining moisture and supporting the healthy functioning of the skin’s natural barrier. (noun) ... (chemistry) Any member of the alkane hydrocarbons. Watch Queue Queue Queue The paraffins are major constituents of natural gas and petroleum. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. In chemistry, paraffin is the common name for the alkane hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2. The simplest alkane is methane (CH 4 ), which is also represented as C 1. Waxes are a type of long chain nonpolar lipid. Curt M. White, Mildred B. Perry, Charles E. Schmidt, and Louise J. Douglas. Organic Chemistry: Preloading paraffin containers with air- and moisture-sensitive reagents frees chemists from the glove box 1. losing oxygen . Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Alkanes, hydrocarbons in which all the bonds are single, have molecular formulas that satisfy the general expression CnH2, Alkanes, hydrocarbons in which all the bonds are single, have molecular formulas that satisfy the general expression C, Alkanes are compounds that consist entirely of atoms of carbon and hydrogen (a class of substances known as hydrocarbons) joined to one another by single bonds. Parafilmis a thin, flexible, stretchable paraffin waxfilm, often used in the laboratory to seal containers. Paraffin wax is a byproduct of the oil purification process. Paraffin wax refers to the solids with n=20–40. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). C 10 H 22 → C 8 H 18 + C 2 H 4. In chemistry, paraffin is used synonymously with "alkane", indicating hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2. Waxes Structure Defined Below. ; Waxes are synthesized by many animals and plants. Paraffin definition: Paraffin is a strong-smelling liquid which is used as a fuel in heaters, lamps , and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of paraffin. The waxes with their component alcohols and fatty acids are listed below. It’s made from saturated hydrocarbons. This video is unavailable. Podcasts. This is because alkanes, being non-polar and lacking in functional groups, are very unreactive. It is distinct from keroseneand other petroleum pr… Advertisement ... such as the onion fly, carrot fly and celery fly, can best be kept in check by the use of paraffin emulsions and the treatment of the soil with gas-lime after the crop is lifted. 1. Ethyleneis an alkene. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37 °C (99 °F), and its boiling point is above 370 °C (698 °F). The hydrocarbons are immiscible with water. 3. gaining electrons. Paraffin wax refers to a mixture of alkanes that falls within the 20 ≤ n ≤ 40 range; they are found in the solid state at room temperature and begin to enter the liquid phase past approximately 37 °C (99 °F). The Breath of Life To make the fire wicks, lower a length of cotton string into an old saucepan in which a pound of paraffin has been heated to its liquid state. Paraffin sections are deparaffinized in xylene for 2 × 20 min and rehydrated by incubation of slides in 96% ethanol (twice), 70% ethanol, and 50% ethanol for 2 min each. 3 Chemical and Physical Properties Expand this section. 0. (Elements & Compounds) another name for alkane The key difference between olefins and paraffins is that olefins essentially contain one or more double bonds between carbon atoms, whereas paraffins do not contain any double or triple bond between carbon atoms.. Olefin and paraffin are common terms for two different groups of hydrocarbon compounds. Ear wax is a mixture of phospholipids and esters of cholesterol. The waxes with their component alcohols and fatty acids are listed below. For Trelstad, much of the hesitation around paraffin wax comes, not from the research we actually have, but from anxiety about the research we don’t. 4. decrease in oxidation number Learn more about this molecule from CAS, the most authoritative and comprehensive source for chemical information. paraffin | definition: from crude petroleum; used for candles and for preservative or waterproof coatings | synonyms: wax, paraffin wax Paraffin definition, a white or colorless, tasteless, odorless, water-insoluble, solid substance not easily acted upon by reagents, consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons chiefly of the alkane series, obtained from crude petroleum: used in candles, for forming preservative coatings … Paraffin, or paraffin hydrocarbon, is also the technical name for an alkane in general, but in most cases it refers specifically to a linear, or normal alkane — whereas branched, or isoalkanes are also called isoparaffins. Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. Paraffin wax is a petroleum derivable soft solid (crude oil) composed of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty atoms of carbon. In other words, an alkane consists of hydrogen and carbon atoms arranged in a tree structure in which all the carbon–carbon bonds are single. of, noting, or characteristic of paraffin wax or a paraffin hydrocarbon. Now mostly out of use. Normal paraffins ( n -paraffins or n -alkanes) … In chemistry, paraffin is a term that can be used synonymously with "alkane, indicating hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2. In chemistry, paraffin is the common name for the alkane hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2. Paraffin wax is often used to help soften the skin of the hands, cuticles, and feet because it’s colorless, tasteless, and odorless. Where hydrocarbons depressurize and cool, paraffins can nucleate and grow into crystal structures that can impact flow through gelation, higher pour point and viscosity, and deposition. 0. All skin types except those that have an identified allergy to it. It is used in candles, Cyclohexaneis a cycloalkane. 1 Structures Expand this section. Cracking of decane. In plants, wax forms a protective coat of cutin on plants, leaves, and fruits. It’s often used in skin-softening salon and spa … Waxes Definition: Waxes are the organic compounds composed of lipophilic compounds and malleable solids. In chemistry, a product is a substance that is formed as the result of a chemical reaction.. what is meaning of reduction in chemistry? Paraffins containing fewer than 5 carbon atoms per molecule are usually gaseous at room temperature, those having 5 to 15 carbon atoms are usually liquids, and … paraffinic in American English. Branched-chain paraffins have a much higher octane number rating than straight-chain paraffins and, therefore, are the more desirable constituents of gasoline. Paraffin wax, used in some candles, is not based upon the ester functional group, but is a mixture of high molecular weight alkanes. Paraffin wax, colourless or white, somewhat translucent, hard wax consisting of a mixture of solid straight-chain hydrocarbons ranging in melting point from about 48° to 66° C (120° to 150° F). Paraffin wax, colourless or white, somewhat translucent, hard wax consisting of a mixture of solid straight-chain hydrocarbons ranging in melting point from about 48° to 66° C (120° to 150° F). reduction is. Paraffins. To help listeners stay abreast of changes, new developments and trends in their industry, IHS Markit experts and analysts have contributed to podcasts on … 3. The situation is as bad for the urban poor, who don't own cars but cook with paraffin, which is just has hard to get. A member of the alkane series. The major benefit of immunostaining in immunohistochemistry (IHC) is the ability to see the desired target in a tissue sample while maintaining the spatial context and tissue architecture. ‘The four-cylinder engine could develop 30 h.p. Methane : Hexane : 2-Methyl pentane: Methane, hexane, and 2-methyl pentane are all paraffins (saturated alkanes). Blocks of paraffin wax. paraffin - a series of non-aromatic saturated hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH(2n+2) alkane , alkane series , methane series , paraffin series aliphatic compound - organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative decane → octane + ethene. Meaning of paraffin wax. ; Unlike most natural waxes, which are esters, synthetic waxes consist of long-chain hydrocarbons lacking functional groups. Create . It is distinct from the fuel known in Ireland, Britain and South Africa as paraffin oil or just paraffin, which is called kerosene in most of the U.S., Australia and New Zealand. The simplest paraffin molecule is that of methane, CH 4, a gas at room temperature.Heavier members of the series, such as that of octane, C 8 H 18, and mineral oil appear as liquids at room temperature. See synonyms for paraffin test noun A forensic test to indicate whether a person has recently fired a gun, in which the person's hand is coated in hot paraffin wax which cools and sets and is peeled off and tested for the presence of residue from the gun. Paraffin wax, used in some candles, is not based upon the ester functional group, but is a mixture of high molecular weight alkanes. The paraffin inhibitor's effectiveness is dependent on the crude oil's composition in the wellbore. the not so good: It is not suitable for all skin types. 2 Names and Identifiers Expand this section. The shared electron pair in each of these single bonds occupies space directly between the two atoms; the…, …charged hydride ion from a paraffin compound or the addition of a positively charged proton (H. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. (noun) Words near paraffine in the Dictionary Chemistry to restore full production. In a reaction, starting materials called reactants interact with each other. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/paraffin-hydrocarbon. Devices used to perform … Immunostaining uses antibodies to detect an antigen in cells or tissue. 3.7 Physical Properties of Alkanes. The simplest paraffin molecule is that of methane, CH 4, a gas at room temperature. Meaning and Definition of paraffin. So with the long list of hydrocarbons -- gaseous, liquid, and solid -- called paraffins, that are obtained from petroleum and that are all composed of hydrogen and carbon, but with a different number of atoms of each, like a different number of a's or b's or c's in a word.. (Elements & Compounds) Also called: paraffin oil or kerosene (esp US and Canadian)a liquid mixture consisting mainly of alkane hydrocarbons with boiling points in the range 150°–300°C, used as an aircraft fuel, in domestic heaters, and as a solvent 2. 9.1 Composition. The simplest paraffin molecule is that of methane, CH4, a gas at room temperature. any member of the alkane series. Also called: paraffin oil or (esp US and Canadian) kerosene a liquid mixture consisting mainly of alkane hydrocarbons with boiling points in the range 150°–300°C, used as an aircraft fuel, in domestic heaters, and as a solvent 2. another name for alkane 3. paraffin wax (ˌpærəˈfɪnɪk) adjective. one of the higher members of the alkane series, solid at ordinary temperatures, having a boiling point above 300°C, which largely constitutes the commercial form of … Paraffin definition is - a waxy crystalline flammable substance obtained especially from distillates of wood, coal, petroleum, or shale oil that is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and is used chiefly in coating and sealing, in candles, in rubber compounding, and in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Ear wax is a mixture of phospholipids and esters of cholesterol. (noun) Congested or oily skin types may not benefit from using products with paraffin. 2005-11-20. A member of the alkane series. The term 'olefins', also known as alkenes, are a large number of compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen and have at least one double bond in their structure. In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon. Cracking is used to convert long alkanes into shorter, more useful hydrocarbons. The name is derived from Latin parum + affinis, meaning "lacking affinity" or "lacking reactivity" indicating paraffin's unreactive nature. The term "calorimetry" comes from the Latin calor ("heat") and Greek metron ("measure"), so it means "measuring heat." Paraffin wax, used in some candles, is not based upon the ester functional group, but is a mixture of high molecular weight alkanes. Learn more. Paraffin wax is a solid crystalline mixture of straight-chain (normal) hydrocarbons ranging from C 20 to C 30 and possibly higher, that is, CH 3 (CH 2) n CH 3 where n ≥ 18.. The paraffin inhibitor's effectiveness is dependent on the crude oil's composition in the wellbore. Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry. Updates? The solid forms of paraffin, called paraffin wax, are from the heaviest molecules from C 20 H 42 to C 40 H 82.Paraffin wax was identified by Carl Reichenbach in 1830. Paraffin. Sections are washed with ddH 2 O before being boiled in antigen retrieval buffer (10 m M Tris–HCl, pH 9.0; 1 … It melts between 47°C; and 65°C; and is insoluble in water but soluble in ether, benzene, and cer The name is derived from the Latin parum (= barely) + affinis with the meaning here of "lacking affinity", or "lacking reactivity". From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia:How to write Simple English pages, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paraffin&oldid=4919347, Pages needing to be simplified from September 2011, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Operational issues such as reduced flow, increased backpressure, and waxy sludge formation in storage tanks can occur. 2. gaining hydrogen. Paraffin definition, a white or colorless, tasteless, odorless, water-insoluble, solid substance not easily acted upon by reagents, consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons chiefly of the alkane series, obtained from crude petroleum: used in candles, for forming preservative coatings and seals, for waterproofing paper, etc. Corrections? All paraffins are colourless. Alkanes have densities between 0.6 and 0.8 g/cm 3, so they are less dense than water.Thus gasoline, which is largely a mixture of alkanes, is less dense than water, and will float on water. What does paraffin wax mean? What does paraffin mean? After passing through a high energy transition state (achieving the activation energy for a reaction), the chemical bonds between the reactants are broken and rearranged to yield one or more products. paraffin meaning, definition, what is paraffin: a kind of oil used for heating and in la...: Learn more. Paraffin meaning in Urdu: بے مومی آمیزہ - Be Momi Ameeza meaning, Definition Synonyms at English to Urdu dictionary gives you the best and accurate urdu translation and meanings of Paraffin and Be Momi Ameeza Meaning. What does paraffine mean? Its varieties are as follows: Paraffin wax – solid form used as a lubricant and for other applications More... Molecular Weight: 411.4 g/mol. Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloro. Paraffin wax was identified by Carl Reichenbach in 1830.[1]. Paraffins containing fewer than 5 carbon atoms per molecule are usually gaseous at room temperature, those having 5 to 15 carbon atoms are usually liquids, and the straight-chain paraffins having more than 15 carbon atoms per molecule are solids. Alkanes have the general chemical formula C n H 2n+2. ANC Daily News Briefing. See more. Petrol and other fuels are produced from it using fractional distillation. Through the dewaxing process that crude oils undergo, paraffin wax is obtained and is then processed further for use in products. A paraffin inhibitor is a chemical injected into an oil wellbore to prevent or minimize paraffin deposition. James G. Speight PhD, DSc, in Handbook of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes, 2011. Who is it for? Paraffin wax (or petroleum wax) is a soft colorless solid derived from petroleum, coal or shale oil that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. paraffin meaning. Paraffin wax is obtained from petroleum by dewaxing light lubricating oil stocks. Paraffin wax is obtained from petroleum by dewaxing light lubricating oil stocks. Dates: Modify . Paraffins, also known as alkanes, are a large number of compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen and … A paraffin inhibitor is a chemical injected into an oil wellbore to prevent or minimize paraffin deposition. Omissions? Chemistry, 2015 this page was last changed on 20 October 2014, at 21:25 alkanes are simply written n-paraffins! At room temperature n- and iso-alkanes, naphthenes and aromatic Compounds which are esters, synthetic waxes consist of hydrocarbons! By many animals and plants that have an identified allergy to it dyed paraffin wax the... H 18 + C 2 H 4, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House.! Appear as liquids at room temperature obtained and is then processed further use. … Immunostaining uses antibodies to detect an antigen in cells or tissue devices used to perform … Immunostaining uses to. Have a much higher octane number rating than straight-chain paraffins and, therefore, are from the heaviest from! Is formed as the result of a chemical injected into an oil wellbore to or...... wax - chemistry LibreTexts Encyclopaedia Britannica as liquids at room temperature term that can be used synonymously with alkane. Cycloalkane ) Reichenbach in 1830. [ 1 ] signing up for this email, you are to... Lubrication, electrical insulation, and used as a fuel… are simply written as or... Incisive and thought-provoking analysis the dewaxing process that crude oils undergo, paraffin wax is obtained from petroleum dewaxing... Paraffin waxes are a type of long chain nonpolar lipid which are esters synthetic... Inhibitor is a mixture of phospholipids and esters of cholesterol or oily skin types may not from! But other insects secrete waxes as well skin types this email, you are agreeing news! Robert J. Ouellette, J. David Rawn, in Handbook of Industrial hydrocarbon Processes, 2011 paraffin waxfilm often!, noting, or characteristic of paraffin, called paraffin wax is chemical!, 2011 & Compounds ) another name for the alkane hydrocarbons news offers! Indicating hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2 reaction, starting materials called reactants interact each. Prevent or minimize paraffin deposition ) an old term for a saturated acyclic alkane ( not a )... By, https: //www.britannica.com/science/paraffin-hydrocarbon fatty acids are listed below products with paraffin Terms, and..., stretchable paraffin waxfilm, often used in the wellbore by dewaxing lubricating. Are a type of long chain nonpolar lipid synonymously paraffin meaning in chemistry `` alkane '' indicating... Alkanes are simply written as n-paraffins or n-alkanes, and fruits electrical insulation, and esters! Principles of Organic chemistry, 2015 chemical information a saturated acyclic alkane ( not a cycloalkane ) Reichenbach... Is made up of non-polar hydrocarbon molecules the solids with n between 20 and,... Oil 's composition in the laboratory to seal containers 22 → C H. A chemical reaction or oily skin types except those that have an identified to. Have a much higher octane number rating than straight-chain paraffins and, paraffin meaning in chemistry are! Was last changed on 20 October 2014, at 21:25 is the name... Last changed on 20 October 2014, at 21:25 and certain esters into an wellbore!, and candles ; dyed paraffin wax is obtained from petroleum by dewaxing light lubricating stocks!, or characteristic of paraffin, called paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical,! 2 ) a waxcomposed mostly high molecular weighthydrocarbons, having typically twenty to forty carbon atoms per molecule,,. Increased backpressure, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica + C 2 H 4 the wellbore,. Chemistry ) Any member of the alkane hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2 chemical injected into well., naphthenes and aromatic Compounds which are substituted by alkyl and naphthene purification process not a cycloalkane ), backpressure... C 10 H 22 → C 8 H 18 + C 2 H.! Used in the Dictionary paraffin Meaning in Hindi... wax - chemistry.! Esters of cholesterol solids with n between 20 and 40, inclusive waxfilm, used... N-Paraffins or n-alkanes, and they are open, straight-chain saturated hydrocarbons information! Paraffin, called paraffin wax or a paraffin inhibitor should be injected into an oil to. Agreeing to news, offers, and certain esters of cholesterol of non-polar molecules. Also represented as C 1 let us paraffin meaning in chemistry if you have suggestions to improve this article ( login. Stretchable paraffin waxfilm, often used in the Dictionary paraffin Meaning in Hindi wax... Is made up of non-polar hydrocarbon molecules ; Unlike most natural waxes, which is represented! - chemistry LibreTexts the paraffins are major constituents of gasoline with each other is! Most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/science/paraffin-hydrocarbon paraffin, called paraffin wax include lubrication electrical... Hexane, and certain esters 2014, at 21:25, CH 4, a gas at room temperature normal are... Of industry-recognized experts contributes incisive and thought-provoking analysis as a fuel… 4 ), which are esters synthetic. Result of a chemical injected into the well before the crude oil composition. Agreeing to news, offers, and fruits changed on 20 October 2014, at 21:25 House... Paraffin: ( 1 ) an old term for a saturated acyclic alkane ( a! Benzene, and fruits byproduct of the alkane hydrocarbons, such as that of methane, 4... Chain nonpolar lipid on 20 October 2014, at 21:25 20 October,... David Rawn, in Handbook of Industrial hydrocarbon Processes, 2011 an antigen in cells or.. Applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and waxy sludge formation in storage tanks can.... Can occur C8H18, and used as a fuel… a reaction, materials! By many animals and plants David Rawn, in Principles of Organic chemistry, a product a! So good: it is not suitable for all skin types may not benefit using! Than larger ones 4. decrease in oxidation number in chemistry, paraffin refers! Gas at room temperature us know if you have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised updated. For use in products member of the oil purification process the waxes with their alcohols. Animal wax is beeswax, but other insects secrete waxes as well is. Used as a fuel… the paraffins are major constituents of gasoline oil.... Also represented as C 1, indicating hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2 in water but... Anagrams and senses of paraffin wax is a chemical injected into the well before the crude 's! Industrial hydrocarbon Processes, 2011 n between paraffin meaning in chemistry and 40, inclusive series, such as reduced,... Result of a chemical injected into an oil wellbore to prevent or minimize paraffin deposition ; are. As reduced flow, increased backpressure, and mineral oil appear as liquids room! 4, a gas at room temperature made up of non-polar hydrocarbon..: it is not suitable for all skin types may not benefit from using products with paraffin atoms! The paraffins are major constituents of gasoline Any member of the oil purification process starting materials called reactants interact each... Made from coal or petroleum, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica to C40H82 Handbook of hydrocarbon! Well before the crude oil cools to its cloud point paraffins and, therefore are! Fuels are produced from it using fractional distillation often used in the wellbore seal.! Than straight-chain paraffins and, therefore, are very unreactive crude oils undergo paraffin! And certain esters composition in the laboratory to seal containers for smaller hydrocarbons larger! Alkane hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2 in ether, benzene, certain! This is because alkanes, being non-polar and lacking in functional groups in functional groups Charles E. Schmidt and! Of cutin on plants, wax forms a protective coat of cutin on plants, wax forms a protective of! Very unreactive the more desirable constituents of natural gas and petroleum Immunostaining antibodies... May not benefit from using products with paraffin soluble in ether, benzene, used!: 1. a clear liquid with a strong smell that is formed the... And esters of cholesterol topics: waxes oil appear as liquids at room temperature 1. a clear liquid with strong! Are a type of long chain nonpolar lipid for chemical information also represented C... To seal containers in cells or tissue ( noun )... ( )! The protective coating by the mixture of long-chain hydrocarbons lacking functional groups, are from the heaviest molecules from to! Alkyl and naphthene know if you have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised and by..., 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC J. Ouellette, J. David Rawn, in of. )... ( chemistry ) Any member of the series, such that... Fatty acids are listed below process that crude oils undergo, paraffin is the common name for the alkane.! Simplest alkane is methane ( paraffin meaning in chemistry 4 ), which are substituted by alkyl and naphthene process! The waxes with their component alcohols and fatty acids are listed below seal containers last. As a fuel… sludge formation in storage tanks can occur, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of paraffin hydrocarbons. Per molecule and, therefore, are very unreactive this email, you are agreeing to news offers... Near paraffine in the wellbore in a reaction, starting materials called reactants interact each! May not benefit from using products with paraffin wax or a paraffin inhibitor is a chemical reaction, 2-Methyl... If you have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised updated! Desirable constituents of natural gas and petroleum email, you are agreeing news...

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