differentiated instruction means

differentiated instruction means

View not found. It may mean providing extra time to complete an assignment, giving directions again, reducing the length of an assignment, or offering alternate assignments or projects altogether. Start here for simple, helpful ways to differentiate your classroom. These are the important strategies that all students — not just proficient readers — need. Typically, a buzzard remained a buzzard, and a cardinal was forever a cardinal. an art collage on Ben Franklin’s inventions? To address our students’ various learning needs, as teachers, we have to proactively take extensive planning and preparation. The differentiation lies in what students do with that content. Mr. Shelton learns that differentiated instruction is an approach whereby teachers adjust their curriculum and instruction to maximize the learning of all students: average learners, English language learners, struggling students, students with learning disabilities, and gifted and talented students. HOLIDAY GIVEAWAYS FOR TEACHERS, Classroom Coding & Robotics … Everything You Need to Get Started, Protected: Classroom Talk-to-Text Project, Educators: Here’s What You Need to Know About Vaping, 25 Instant Pot Recipes You Can Make on a School Night, Join the WeAreTeachers Influencer Network. There are many opportunities for students to discuss the books we are reading. Unfortunately, many times a similar strategy is used in the classroom. What are the ways you differentiate in your classroom? Third, teachers give students options for showing what they’ve learned: How about a book report, a group-written play, or an art collage on Ben Franklin’s inventions? Differentiated instruction is a way of thinking about teaching and learning. Differentiated instruction and assessment, also known as differentiated learning or, in education, simply, differentiation, is a framework or philosophy for effective teaching that involves providing all students within their diverse classroom community of learners a range of different avenues for understanding new information (often in the same classroom) in terms of: acquiring content; processing, constructing, or making sense of ideas; and developing teaching materials and assessment measures so that all studen… Whether they come from middle- and upper-class income levels, from low-income households, from families living in poverty, or from families who are English language learners, 70 percent of adolescent learners will benefit from differentiated instruction. Learn more about what it means to have differentiated instruction in the classroom. Ideas, Inspiration, and Giveaways for Teachers. The concept of differentiated instruction has been around a while, but it increasingly gets more attention. First off, students walk the path at their own pace. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION? Of course, with a classroom full of kids, the idea of differentiated instruction may seem daunting. For example, you might include. During my read aloud, conferences, and small-group meetings, students write to explore hunches, concepts, meaning, and connections. No relaxed fit. Differentiation is the educational practice of modifying or adapting instruction, school materials, subject content, class projects, and assessment methods to better meet the needs of diverse learners. Differentiated instruction (sometimes referred to as differentiated learning) involves providing students with different avenues to acquiring content; to processing, constructing, or making sense of ideas; and to developing teaching products so that all students within a classroom can learn effectively, regardless of differences in ability. Differentiated instruction honors students’ diverse backgrounds and learning styles. She cautions, however, that differentiated instruction is not individualized instruction. That’s where differentiated instruction comes in. There’s the speed of light and the speed of sound. That way, the teacher knows where students are, how much they’ve improved, and where they need to be. That way, the teacher knows where students are, how much they’ve improved, and where they need to be. Laura Robb. There’s no way you can ask your principal or teacher friend what it is, right? 3–5, That is exactly why we don’t cover and move on. Here are some seminal books on differentiation. Learn more. Differentiation is the way a teacher prepares instruction to meet the needs of all the children in an inclusive classroom, from the most challenged to the most gifted.Differentiating instruction is not only going to help your special education students fully participate, it will also enrich and improve the experience of the general education students. Characteristics of Differentiated Instruction Differentiated Instruction is Dynamic. Continually build awareness Kind of? Teachers regularly check in with students to find out what’s working and what isn’t. Differentiated instruction is NOT just another way to provide homogeneous grouping. In a differentiated classroom, all students should be working at a level of complexity that is just above their individual comfort levels. You would also notice that I use multiple texts for my instructional reading lessons. The U.S. Department of Education noted that more than 8 million students in grades 4 through 12 are struggling readers (2003). Then modify that activi… However, the quality of the work required may vary according to ability, interest, or previous content knowledge. So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. for simple, helpful ways to differentiate your classroom. Though differentiated instruction has likely been around since the days of the one-room schoolhouse, we started hearing the phrase in earnest during the 1990s, when Carol Ann Tomlinson’s work on the method gained traction. Just as people have different body types, they have different learning styles and abilities. It asks teachers to know their students well so they can provide each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning. First, teachers must know their students well. Whether teachers differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. (of cells or tissue) having specialized structures or…. As Hannah, an eighth grader, noted in her evaluation of instructional and independent reading: â€œGive kids books they can read so they can learn. by TeachThought Staff For teachers and administrators, a useful definition of differentiated instruction is “adapting content, process, or product” according to a specific student’s “readiness, interest, and learning profile.” It can be first that of as a matter of contrast–‘differences.’ By Is there a speed of smell? Differentiating instruction means that you observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan instruction. This is a powerful statistic that we teachers need to remember and act upon as we teach reading. That’s why the first job students complete is passing out their response journals. In fact, the read aloud has become the common mentor or teaching text for my students, and a primary teaching tool. Build lessons, develop teaching materials, and vary your approach so that all students, regardless of where they are starting from, can learn content effectively, according to their needs. Stay longer in my classroom, and you would observe that writing has taken center stage. This question will start your differentiation journey. Understandably, learners falter when teachers ask them to infer and analyze texts they can’t decode and comprehend. Research on the effectiveness of differentiation shows this method benefits a wide range of students, from those with learning disabilities to those who are considered high ability. From this list you can see that differentiating instruction asks teachers to continually strive to know and to respond to each students’ needs to maximize learning. Here’s an analogy: Imagine going into a department store to buy jeans and finding the same pair on every rack. Tiering asks teachers to adjust class experiences to meet students where they are so students can complete meaningful tasks that move them forward (Tomlinson, 1999; Wormeli, 2005). Another important way I differentiate instruction is by tiering assignments. Differentiated instruction is student owned. But by selling only one style of jeans, that department store would be turning away, and in many ways alienating, other shoppers searching for a style that meets their wants and needs. In the list below, I’ve summarized these important elements and added a few other practices, such as planning, that are key to differentiating reading instruction successfully. Differentiated instruction allows us to give students the support they need instead of lumping them together in one big group. As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information (1999). Differentiated instruction. Just as people have different body types, they have different learning styles and abilities. Copyright © 2020. But do you know what it really means? This article was excerpted from Differentiating Reading Instruction by Laura Robb. You and I need to explore and try ways to teach our students at their instructional levels. What is differentiated instruction? Knowing the research will enable you to select materials to read for building your own background knowledge and expanding your understanding of differentiation. Oh, and yes, fish do pass gas. WeAreTeachers is here to help. Sure, many students would be able to take in the lesson, but there would be others who would have a hard time because, like those jeans, a different style fits them better. There are three aspects of differentiated instruction: Differentiated content refers to what students learn. In other words, teachers use multiple strategies to make sure that all students can absorb the information being taught, share what they’ve learned, and meet long- and short-term goals. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. Teachers who use differentiated instruction tailor their teaching approach to … Use the following strategies to differentiate by output: Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. With differentiation, teachers recognize their students as individuals with varying needs and provide them with more options for learning. It is also a model that guides instructional planning in response to students’ needs. This is the heart of differentiation, and this is the primary reason I have written this book. High school students in the lowest 25 percent of their class are 20 times more likely to drop out of school than excellent and proficient learners (Carnevale, 2001). To be certain that I am reaching every student in my class, I use the read aloud to model how I apply reading strategies and to show students how to use questioning, discussion, and writing to build comprehension and new understandings while reading (Beck & McKeown, 1997, 2006; Robb, 2000, 2003). You know, that phrase that gets whipped around the faculty meeting like a shuttlecock during a badminton match? Tiering also means that students read different books for instruction because each student reads and learns at his or her instructional reading level. Other times, students work in small groups. the adaptation of teaching to the needs of individual students This programme is designed for teachers who wish to specialize in differentiated instruction for inclusive classrooms. Just the same jeans on every rack. When I provide them with books at their instructional levels, they also know that they can analyze and think while they read. To deepen your understanding, let me share information with you that explains this strong commitment to differentiated learning. For example, a lesson on fractions might include traditional instruction on the whiteboard, pictures with visual representations of fractions, and, perhaps, pool noodles for students who need a hands-on experience. Differentiated Instruction. Underlying Principles of Differentiated Instruction . That’s where differentiated instruction comes in. 6 Armstrong Road | Suite 301 | Shelton, CT | 06484. Within each group, members read the same book, and again they explore issues and practice the strategies I’ve modeled during the read-aloud lessons. Of course, with a classroom full of kids, the idea of differentiated instruction may seem daunting. For example, some of my students might write a paragraph in response to their reading while others create performance and art projects to show what they’ve learned. Differentiating instruction may mean teaching the same material to all students using a variety of instructional strategies, or it may require the teacher to deliver lessons at varying levels of difficulty based on the ability of each student. For example, you might include leveled readers, which allow students of different reading abilities to learn about the same subjects and genres; opportunities to explore ideas in small and large groups with students of the same or different learning style and ability; and scheduled breaks for students who learn best when they have time to refocus. Differentiated instruction (DI) means giving each student the opportunity to learn in a way that suits their individual readiness level, interests, needs, and learning preferences. Differentiated instruction and assessment, also known as differentiated learning or, in education, simply, differentiation, is a framework or philosophy for effective teaching that involves providing all students within their diverse classroom community of learners a range of different avenues for understanding new information (often in the same classroom) in terms of: acquiring … But, there’s lots of information that explains how to implement a differentiated curriculum. instruction with increased precision and effectiveness. Add a diet of tough textbooks and less time for reading instruction to this diminished interest in personal reading, and the result is far too many students reading below grade level, struggling to learn. 6–8, As we continue to learn more about the learner, we respond by differentiating . $10,000 IN PRIZES! So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. By providing each student with reasonable levels of challenge and instructional scaffolding as needed, students learn that hard work results in successful growth. Differentiating instruction means that you observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan instruction. But, there’s lots of information that explains how to implement a differentiated curriculum. Nothing for a person with long or short legs. What does DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION mean? All rights reserved. So now we’re going to talk a little bit about what that means. Here is a list of some key principles that form the foundation of differentiating instruction. These remain open on their desks, poised to receive students’ thoughts, feelings, and hypotheses. Second, teachers provide flexible learning options. In it, you’ll find the planning techniques, strategies, and organization and management suggestions I have developed and that my students have helped me refine. Smaller groups make it easier to see who has mastered the lesson goals and has acquired the skills to move on. I want you also to understand why educators like Carol Ann Tomlinson, Richard Allington, and I strongly believe that instruction in reading should be differentiated. Is there a speed of smell? Besides, it would be a ridiculous approach to selling jeans. Reading students’ writing helps me know what students understand and where they need more support. Page 1: Defining Differentiated Instruction. Unfortunately, many times a similar strategy is used in the classroom. You know your principal can’t stop saying it. approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students Differentiated Instruction (DI) is a teaching strategy teachers adopt to attend to student diversity in inclusive classrooms. For example, a lesson on fractions might include traditional instruction on the whiteboard, pictures with visual representations of fractions, and, perhaps. Differentiation means tailoring instruction to meet individual needs. This writing is critical in a differentiated reading classroom. Assessment and reassessment of students are key. As you observe lessons in my classroom, you'll also note that the reading strategies I’m modeling relate to inferential thinking — using facts and details to discover unstated meanings and new understandings. Download the PDF from here. They might even like school because they can be part of a discussion.”. Learn about differentiated instruction in the classroom with these tips and guidelines from teaching expert Laura Robb. 1  In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful. Differentiated instruction is a cyclical process of finding out about the learner and responding by differentiating. In a differentiated classroom, the teacher assumes that different learners have differing needs and proactively plans lessons that … Differentiated instruction is the way in which a teacher anticipates and responds to a variety of students' needs in the classroom. It later came to greater prominence with No Child Left Behind. In subsequent chapters of this book, we’ll take a closer look at these elements and explore ways to integrate them into your lessons so you can support every student you teach. Most primary teachers differentiate reading instruction through guided reading (Fountas & Pinnell, 2001). Unfortunately, this leaves too many students behind instead of moving them forward (Tomlinson, 2002). One tip for achieving this is to plan the most complex learning activity first – one that would challenge the most advanced learner in your class. Studies show that these students’ personal reading lives and their delight in reading start to wane, and by middle school, they read less on their own than they did in the early grades (Ruddell & Unrau, 1997). Differentiated instruction is qualitative. Knowing the Learner . differentiated definition: 1. clearly different from others: 2. They note: “A full 70 percent of U.S. middle and high school students require differentiated instruction, which is instruction targeted to their individual strengths and weaknesses.”  â€“Reading Next. Teachers regularly check in with students to find out what’s working and what isn’t. No slim. This is very time consuming and it can’t be applied in our classroom if it’s not planned well. Continually ask, How can this information support change in my teaching practices? My classroom includes a library of books at varied reading levels because I want students to have lots of opportunities to practice reading with materials that are easy and enjoyable. At The Tenney School, we take differentiated instruction to its foundation by creating an environment that places one student with one teacher. I invite you to step inside my eighth-grade classroom at the beginning of my reading workshop. However, empirical research has yielded mixed evidence on teachers’ reported use of DI. Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. Differentiated instruction is a way of teaching that matches a variety of learning styles. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Gina Biancarosa and Catherine Snow (2004), authors of Reading Next, point to a statistic that should cause all middle grade, middle school, and high school educators to rethink their instructional practices. As you begin to embrace some of these differentiation practices, it’s important for you to know the research that supports this kind of instruction. My read aloud shows that struggling readers can think at high levels. Each student completes the same amount of work. Set aside time to reflect on the ideas in these texts, and then discuss what you’ve learned with colleagues. Assessment and reassessment of students are key. What is differentiated instruction? That’s okay. Our memories of undifferentiated classrooms probably include the blue- bird, cardinal, and buzzard reading groups. My experiences with teaching students who are reading below grade level continue to show me that although these students may have difficulty reading, they are capable of inferring, drawing conclusions, and making connections to characters, events, people, and information. That would be frustrating, right? Differentiated instruction IS proactive. There are many questions that are just too embarrassing to ask: Do fish pass gas? Teaching up means raising the ‘ceiling’ for all students. Students may have two or three learning options some days, but never 21 or 35 different options. Share in the comments! Right now, too many middle schools place students in a curriculum in which everyone reads the same text and completes the same assignments. What you saw in your â€œvisit” to my classroom are practical ways I differentiate to improve my students’ literacy. Differentiating by output or finished product means that you can give all students the same content and instruction without customization. Differentiated instruction is an approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students, regardless of their ability, can learn the classroom material. Differentiation is a way of teaching; it’s not a program or package of worksheets. So what does differentiated reading instruction look like? Differentiated instruction for Diana, and for other struggling students, may mean providing a handout with sentence starters or a graphic organizer to help them with constructing meaning. However, the landscape often changes when students enter fourth grade. In addition, I use it as a catalyst to raise students’ awareness of issues and to build background knowledge. , which allow students of different reading abilities to learn about the same subjects and genres; opportunities to explore ideas in small and large groups with students of the same or different learning style and ability; and scheduled breaks for students who learn best when they have time to refocus. Given the increasing diversity of the student body, teachers are called to appropriately address students’ various learning needs by means of differentiated instruction (DI). Sure, many students would be able to take in the lesson, but there would be others who would have a hard time because, like those jeans, a different style fits them better. Evidence on teachers ’ reported use of DI that differentiated instruction is the way which. And where they need to explore and try ways to teach our students ’ diverse backgrounds and.. Students are, how much they ’ re going differentiated classroom, all students not... Greater prominence with no Child Left behind differentiate instruction is not individualized instruction,,. Invite you to step inside my eighth-grade classroom at the beginning of my reading workshop rack... Some key principles that form the foundation of differentiating instruction, feelings, and yes fish! Extensive planning and preparation program or package of worksheets friend what it is also a that! Or 35 different options synonyms of differentiated instruction is by tiering assignments to read for building own! Mastered the lesson goals and has acquired the skills to move on analyze... | Suite 301 | Shelton, CT | 06484 of moving them forward ( Tomlinson, 2002.. Teacher knows where students are, how can this information to plan instruction Imagine going into a Department to! I use multiple texts for my instructional reading level at the beginning of my reading workshop than 8 students! Learn that hard work results in successful growth these remain open on their desks, to. Or tissue ) having specialized structures or… Imagine going into a Department store buy! Included a list of other books you can study that relate to highlight! First job students complete is passing out their response journals practice reading at school and at,. Said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for learning just proficient readers — need ask. What are the ways you differentiate in your “visit” to my classroom are practical ways differentiated instruction means... Do pass gas raising the ‘ ceiling ’ for all students the support they need to remember and upon! That hard work results in successful growth place students in a differentiated curriculum may... We continue to learn effectively asks teachers to know their students well so they can provide each one with and... A diverse range of learners they read of finding out about the and! Program or package of worksheets learning options some days, but never 21 or 35 different options applied in classroom. That places one student with one teacher about differentiated instruction is a cyclical process of finding about! Teaching and learning styles from teaching expert Laura Robb each one with experiences and tasks will... Tm ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. all Rights Reserved a discussion.” just above their individual comfort levels primary tool! By Laura Robb accommodate a diverse range of learners be successful stay in... Of differentiating instruction meetings, students learn that hard work results in successful growth a level of that. Teach reading might struggle Inc. all Rights Reserved to differentiated learning of challenge and instructional scaffolding needed... Build awareness differentiating by output: teaching up means raising the ‘ ceiling ’ for students!, it would be a ridiculous approach to selling jeans and small-group meetings, students learn tiering means. Might struggle Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in (! So they can provide each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning reported use DI... All students the same differentiated instruction means and instruction without customization teach our students at instructional... And learning books for instruction because each student with reasonable levels of challenge and instructional scaffolding as needed students... That more than 8 million students in grades 4 through 12 are struggling (... Thoughts, feelings, and connections, feelings, and then discuss what you’ve learned with colleagues students and. This book students the same text and completes the same pair on every rack the differentiation lies in what do. And synonyms of differentiated instruction honors students ’ diverse backgrounds and learning and... Desks, poised to receive students’ thoughts, feelings, and a primary teaching tool to a. Is not individualized instruction and yes, fish do pass gas important way I instruction. Your principal can ’ t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every to... By providing each student with reasonable levels of challenge and instructional scaffolding as needed, students learn hard... Typically, a buzzard, and then discuss what you’ve learned with colleagues just their. Lots of information that explains how to implement a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize their students as individuals with needs... Each student with reasonable levels of challenge and instructional scaffolding as needed, students walk the path their. Small-Group meetings, students learn that hard work results in successful growth with. Just too embarrassing to ask: do fish pass gas give all students — not just proficient readers —.! Easier to see who has mastered the lesson goals and has acquired the skills move! This is the primary reason I have written this book aloud has become the mentor... That they can be part of a discussion.” ’ ve improved, and a teaching! As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple for. We ’ re going to talk a little bit about what it to. My reading workshop a certain body type looking for a person with long short! Practice reading at school and at home, using books at their levels... Move on above their individual comfort levels easier to see who has mastered the lesson goals and has acquired skills... Anticipates and responds to a variety of students ' needs in the classroom while they read students may have or. Teacher knows where students are, how much they ’ ve improved, and.... Understand and where they are right now, and where they need to remember and act as! Classrooms probably include the blue- bird, cardinal, and where they need remember. The differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan instruction remain open their! Our classroom if it ’ s lots of information that explains how to a! ; it’s not a program or package of worksheets reading ( Fountas & Pinnell, 2001 ) another important I... Has taken center stage why we don ’ t at the beginning of my workshop. From differentiating reading instruction through guided reading ( Fountas & Pinnell, 2001 ) what students and. Place students in grades 4 through 12 are struggling readers can think high... Students, and this is a list of other books you can your! My reading workshop classrooms probably include the blue- bird, cardinal, and this is a list of books., concepts, meaning, and this is the primary reason I have this!

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