about elephant in english

about elephant in english

The groups, which do not include bulls, are led by the (usually) oldest cow, known as the matriarch. The most famous circus elephant was probably Jumbo (1861 – 15 September 1885), who was a major attraction in the Barnum & Bailey Circus. From then on, war elephants were employed in the Mediterranean and North Africa throughout the classical period. They appear to rely on their leg and shoulder bones to transmit the signals to the middle ear. There are typically nine groups in a clan. [94] Family groups may split after becoming too large for the available resources. Selfish human activities have always found a way to mistreat animals. [154] They were traditionally captured with traps and lassos, but since 1950, tranquillisers have been used. [102][103] The oestrous cycle of a cow lasts 14–16 weeks with a 4–6-week follicular phase and an 8- to 10-week luteal phase. Despite this, some Europeans continued to portray them in a more stylised fashion. Adults and most of the other young will gather around the newborn, touching and caressing it with their trunks. Male African bush elephants are typically 23% taller than females, whereas male Asian elephants are only around 15% taller than females. [42] Elephants are capable of hearing at low frequencies and are most sensitive at 1 kHz (in close proximity to the Soprano C). Larger bull groups consisting of over 10 members occur only among African bush elephants, the largest of which numbered up to 144 individuals. The muscles work both with and against each other. The third set falls out at 9–15 years of age, and set four lasts until 18–28 years of age. [107] For young females, the approach of an older bull can be intimidating, so her relatives stay nearby to provide support and reassurance. Whenever you think about them, your mind sketches them as huge animals. When a cow has mated, her family may produce calls of excitement known as the "mating pandemonium". After its first month, a calf can pick up, hold, and put objects in its mouth, but cannot suck water through the trunk and must drink directly through the mouth. The Asian elephant also has dorsal bumps on its head and some patches of depigmentation on its skin. Size is the determining factor in agonistic encounters when the individuals have the same condition. [191], Elephants have been the subject of religious beliefs. [6] Lacking a lacrimal apparatus, the eye relies on the harderian gland to keep it moist. It is very intelligent and is known for its sharp and keen memory. Families may associate and bond with each other, forming what are known as bond groups which typically made of two family groups. Serious fights are rare. Forest is their natural habitat. This is due to lower predation pressures that would otherwise kill off many of the individuals with significant parasite loads. [6] The cheek teeth (molars and premolars) became larger and more specialized, especially after elephants started to switch from C3-plants to C4-grasses, which caused their teeth to undergo a three-fold increase in teeth height as well as substantial multiplication of lamellae after about five million years ago. His son and successor Ptolemy II (who began his rule in 285 BC) obtained his supply of elephants further south in Nubia. It still needs its mother for nutrition and protection from predators for at least another year. The Romans in particular pitted them against humans and other animals in gladiator events. The event was conducted to raise awareness of the value of elephants and rhinos, to help mitigate human-elephant conflicts, and to promote anti-poaching activities. The skin around the mouth, anus, and inside of the ear is considerably thinner. [115][116] The relatively long pregnancy is maintained by five corpus luteums (as opposed to one in most mammals) and gives the foetus more time to develop, particularly the brain and trunk. When they get irritated, they can be wildly dangerous. The elephant is a very intelligent and obedient creature The elephant has four legs, two small eyes, two big ears, a trunk, and a small tail. [2], Elephants belong to the family Elephantidae, the sole remaining family within the order Proboscidea which belongs to the superorder Afrotheria. Palaeoloxodon falconeri of Malta and Sicily was only 100 cm (3 ft 3 in) and had probably evolved from the straight-tusked elephant. [98] Adult males and females come together for reproduction. Elephants are grayish to brown in colour, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. [151], Other threats to elephants include habitat destruction and fragmentation. The main characteristic of a bull's musth is a fluid secreted from the temporal gland that runs down the side of his face. [70] The lungs are attached to the diaphragm, and breathing relies mainly on the diaphragm rather than the expansion of the ribcage. Indian campaign, Alexander the Great confronted elephants for the first time, and suffered heavy casualties. A baby elephant is known as a calf. [111][123] Fighting elephants may roar or squeal, and wounded ones may bellow. [66] During locomotion, the cushion pads expand and contract, and reduce both the pain and noise that would come from a very heavy animal moving. As more elephants began to be sent to European kings as gifts during the 15th century, depictions of them became more accurate, including one made by Leonardo da Vinci. [93] When her tenure is over, the matriarch's eldest daughter takes her place; this occurs even if her sister is present. [92], Bulls engage in a behaviour known as mate-guarding, where they follow oestrous females and defend them from other males. The African species are further divided into two types- African bush elephants and African forest elephants. A population of small woolly mammoths survived on Wrangel Island, now 140 km (87 mi) north of the Siberian coast, as recently as 4,000 years ago. By nine months, mouth, trunk and foot coordination is perfected. Submissive ones will lower their heads and trunks, as well as flatten their ears against their necks, while those that accept a challenge will position their ears in a V shape. A newly developed tusk has a smooth enamel cap that eventually wears off. Large-scale cullings ceased in 1988, when Zimbabwe abandoned the practice. Elephant tusks are very precious, which is why they are often hunted down by cruel poachers. (Ukiyo-e woodcut, 1888), Stone carving Elephant. [173] Ringling Bros. and Barnum and Bailey circus retired its touring elephants in May 2016. Trumpeting is made during excitement, distress or aggression. we will soonly update Essay on Elephant in Hindi, Telugu. There have been instances where humans have forced them to work in circuses. He brought a gift, and that gift was a real, live elephant! 10. Those of equal rank tend to avoid each other. However, female elephants do not separate from their dear ones and live in groups. From 1977 to 1989, elephant populations declined by 74% in East Africa. They are used for digging for water, salt, and roots; debarking or marking trees; and for moving trees and branches when clearing a path. [Updated*] GATE 2021 Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme, Paper Pattern, UPTU/UPSEE 2021 Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme, Subjects, Questions, [Latest*] JEE Main Syllabus 2021 [Paper 1 & 2] PDF Download, JEE Main 2021 Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme, Questions, Duration, NEET Exam Pattern 2021: Marking Scheme, Total Marks & Questions, Arunachal Pradesh ITI Admission 2021: Application Form, Dates, Eligibility, Bihar ITICAT 2021 Admission: Application, Exam Dates, Eligibility Criteria, Rajasthan ITI Admission 2021: Application, Dates, Eligibility, Merit List, West Bengal ITI 2021: Application Form, Dates, Eligibility, Syllabus, Uttarakhand ITI Admission 2021: Application, Dates, Eligibility, Syllabus. [25] As with other megaherbivores, including the extinct sauropod dinosaurs, the large size of elephants likely developed to allow them to survive on vegetation with low nutritional value. [188] Similar ideas existed among other African societies, who believed that their chiefs would be reincarnated as elephants. They are useful for transportation purposes. In olden times, elephants were used in wars because they could easily attack with their tusks and trunks. Loxodonta remained in Africa while Mammuthus and Elephas spread to Eurasia, and the former reached North America. [118][119] Elephants have long lifespans, reaching 60–70 years of age. The skull grew larger, especially the cranium, while the neck shortened to provide better support for the skull. [50] Tuskless males exist and are particularly common among Sri Lankan elephants. The Amboseli elephant population is further divided into the "central" and "peripheral" subpopulations. Although elephants in certain zoos are extremely well cared – for, elephants in zoos never live as long as elephants in the wild. (UNESCO World Heritage Sites), Woodcut illustration for "The Elephant's Child" by Rudyard Kipling, This article is about the living species. For the first few days, the mother is intolerant of other herd members near her young. During the dry season, elephant families may cluster together and form another level of social organisation known as the clan. As he matures, a male spends more time at the edge of his group and associates with outside males or even other families. [120], Touching is an important form of communication among elephants. elephant in the room A matter or problem that is obvious or of great importance but that is not discussed openly. If a calf wants to rest, it will press against its mother's front legs and when it wants to suckle, it will touch her breast or leg. [123] Perhaps the most well known call is the trumpet which is made by blowing through the trunk. They have a sharp sense of memory, and they are very obedient. 3. [83] Because most of the food elephants eat goes undigested, their dung can provide food for other animals, such as dung beetles and monkeys. elephant definition: 1. a very large grey mammal that has a trunk (= long nose) with which it can pick things up 2. a…. Elephants cannot coexist with humans in agricultural areas due to their size and food requirements. AD 7. They fed us, clothed us, and gave us a suitable education. One day, a ruler came to see the Emperor of China. Hunting and poaching just for fun is a cruel way to kill these animals. In contests between musth and non-musth individuals, musth bulls win the majority of the time, even when the non-musth bull is larger. Dwarf elephants of uncertain descent lived in Crete, Cyclades, and Dodecanese while dwarf mammoths are known to have lived in Sardinia. [21] The third radiation started in the late Miocene and led to the arrival of the elephantids, which descended from, and slowly replaced, the gomphotheres. In a population in southern India, males first enter musth at the age of 15, but it is not very intense until they are older than 25. [24] The Pleistocene also saw the arrival of Palaeoloxodon namadicus, the largest terrestrial mammal of all time. [124] Rumbles are produced during mild arousal[125] and some appear to be infrasonic. At the same time, improvements in lip and leg coordination occur. A. Schulte. Other elephant heroes given human qualities include Jean de Brunhoff's Babar, David McKee's Elmer, and Dr. Seuss's Horton. Family groups tend to be small, consisting of one or two adult females and their offspring. Elephants are considered to be one of the most intelligent animal species to ever exist. They enter a state of increased testosterone and aggression known as musth, which helps them gain dominance over other males as well as reproductive success. In Africa, they are mostly found in the western and central parts. [101] A cow in oestrus releases chemical signals (pheromones) in her urine and vaginal secretions to signal her readiness to mate. elephant in the room, a problem or issue that everyone is aware of but that no one wants to talk about: Her dad’s depression has been the elephant in the room at family gatherings. [195] In Islamic tradition, the year 570 when Muhammad was born is known as the Year of the Elephant. We must respect these creatures and ensure their safety. Because they need larger amounts of land than other sympatric terrestrial mammals, they are the first to be affected by human encroachment. They eat fruits, grass, vegetables, leaves, and bamboo, etc. It takes a female 22 months from conception to have a baby. The fifth set of teeth falls out at the early 40s. Sleeping occurs at night while the animal is lying down. This species reached a height of 120–180 cm (3 ft 11 in–5 ft 11 in) and weighed 200–2,000 kg (400–4,400 lb). During the 10th century AD, the people of Igbo-Ukwu, near the Niger Delta, buried their leaders with elephant tusks. October 11, 2020 October 9, 2020 by AtoZ Essays. Ultimate Companion for UPSC Civil Services Aspirants, May 2, 2020 by Editorial Team Leave a Comment. For the first time, human words and emotions are being translated into elephant calls that signal similar emotions or … Essay on Elephant in English for School Kids & Students. [68] Elephants have a unique organ, the temporal gland, located in both sides of the head. [104] Fertility rates in cows decline around 45–50 years of age. They can consume as much as 150 kg (330 lb) of food and 40 L (11 US gal) of water in a day. A unique proboscis nerve – formed by the maxillary and facial nerves – runs along both sides of the trunk. [69], Elephants are known to communicate with seismics, vibrations produced by impacts on the earth's surface or acoustical waves that travel through it. [26] Interbreeding appears to have been common among elephantid species, which in some cases led to species with three ancestral genetic components, such as the Palaeoloxodon antiquus. Excited elephants may raise their trunks. They are the descendants of an extinct species called mammoth. Only in the last million years or so did they return to a diet mainly consisting of C3 trees and shrubs. In some countries, sport hunting of the animals is legal; Botswana, Cameroon, Gabon, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe have CITES export quotas for elephant trophies. You can tell the difference between Asian and African elephants from the shape of their ears because they are shaped as the maps of India and Africa. ", "2012 Continental Totals ("2013 AFRICA" analysis)", "First Lady launches campaign to save elephants. He may urinate with his penis still in his sheath, which causes the urine to spray on his hind legs. The dentine is known as ivory and its cross-section consists of crisscrossing line patterns, known as "engine turning", which create diamond-shaped areas. [99], Males become extremely aggressive during musth. They appear to show interest in the bones of their own kind, regardless of whether they are related. [34] This classification has been re-evaluated and since the Second International Mammoth Conference in 1999, these animals are no longer considered to be true "dwarf mammoths". The cranium is particularly large and provides enough room for the attachment of muscles to support the entire head. Archaeological studies tell us that the existing elephants are the only surviving species of the order proboscis. [30][31] The upper second incisors grew into tusks, which varied in shape from straight, to curved (either upward or downward), to spiralled, depending on the species. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2020 | About | ToS | Privacy Policy | Disclosure | Contact | Sitemap. Elephants will try to appear more threatening by raising their heads and spreading their ears. Without regular mud baths to protect it from burning, insect bites and moisture loss, an elephant's skin suffers serious damage. This allows individuals to pick up chemical cues. [184] The use of the elephant as a symbol of the U.S. Republican Party began with an 1874 cartoon by Thomas Nast. Adult bulls mostly interact with family groups when looking for a mate. They are generally very slow animals and walk around in herds, with other adult elephants and children. The elephant, the huge old beast, is slow to mate; he finds a female, they show no haste they wait for the sympathy in their vast shy hearts slowly, slowly to rouse as they loiter along the river-beds and drink and browse and dash in panic through the brake of forest with the herd, and sleep in massive silence, and wake together, without a word. If we announced that we were in the market for fresh ivory, of course that would encourage the poaching of elephants. Births tend to take place during the wet season. [50], Like humans, who are typically right- or left-handed, elephants are usually right- or left-tusked. [62] Elephants are capable swimmers. [62] They appear to have a sesamoid, an extra "toe" similar in placement to a giant panda's extra "thumb", that also helps in weight distribution. Elephants are also beneficial for their dung. [109] The penis is very mobile, being able to move independently of the pelvis. [74] Females have also been observed with secretions from the temporal glands. Only when Elephas disappeared from Africa did Loxodonta become dominant once again, this time in the form of the modern species. Their closest extant relatives are the sirenians (dugongs and manatees) and the hyraxes, with which they share the clade Paenungulata within the superorder Afrotheria. Proponents of zoos argue that they offer researchers easy access to the animals and provide money and expertise for preserving their natural habitats, as well as safekeeping for the species. By comparison, human sperm has to swim around only 76.2 mm (3.00 in). This can last from a day to four months. If not stopped, this might lead to their extinction. All Free. [68] The throat of an elephant appears to contain a pouch where it can store water for later use. [1] The word "elephant" appears in Middle English as olyfaunt (c.1300) and was borrowed from Old French oliphant (12th century). It also creates a pathway for smaller animals. Groups within these clans do not form strong bonds, but they defend their dry-season ranges against other clans. Elephants have the potential to hear each other’s voice from a distance of 5 miles. [148] Around the same time, Kenya destroyed all its ivory stocks. Their weight can compact the soil, which causes the rain to run off, leading to erosion. [32], The African elephant has two finger-like extensions at the tip of the trunk that allow it to grasp and bring food to its mouth. Moreover, they are vital for maintaining the biodiversity of our ecosystem. The high market value has caused more exploitation of these animals. The former were related to Barytherium and lived in Africa and Eurasia,[21] while the latter may have descended from Eritreum[20] and spread to North America. [176][177] In parts of India, male elephants regularly enter villages at night, destroying homes and killing people. [95], The social circle of the female elephant does not necessarily end with the small family unit. Asian males are usually solitary, but occasionally form groups of two or more individuals; the largest consisted of seven bulls. Unlike most mammals, which grow baby teeth and then replace them with a single permanent set of adult teeth, elephants are polyphyodonts that have cycles of tooth rotation throughout their lives. [10] African elephants have larger ears, a concave back, more wrinkled skin, a sloping abdomen, and two finger-like extensions at the tip of the trunk. The Arthashastra (written around 300 BC) advised the Mauryan government to reserve some forests for wild elephants for use in the army, and to execute anyone who killed them. [68], The African bush elephant can be found in habitats as diverse as dry savannahs, deserts, marshes, and lake shores, and in elevations from sea level to mountain areas above the snow line. They use only two gaits when moving on land: the walk and a faster gait similar to running. [172] Some trainers have tried to train elephants without the use of physical punishment. The elephant population is dwindling. [97] A dominance hierarchy exists among males, whether they range socially or solitarily. [145] One proposed solution is the provision of 'urban corridors' which allow the animals access to key areas. The first chewing tooth on each side of the jaw falls out when the elephant is two to three years old. [162], Overall, elephants owed their initial successes to the element of surprise and to the fear that their great size invoked. Definition of elephant written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. One of the biggest threats to elephant populations is the ivory trade, as the animals are poached for their ivory tusks. [99], Elephants are polygynous breeders,[100] and copulations are most frequent during the peak of the wet season. Elephants typically have grey skin, but African elephants look brown or reddish after wallowing in coloured mud. [140] Due to the vast areas involved, assessing the total African elephant population remains difficult and involves an element of guesswork. 172+11 sentence examples: 1. [149], The ban allowed the elephant to recover in parts of Africa. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The African elephant, Loxodonta africana, in Luanga National Park, Zambia Elephants are the largest living land mammals. African bush elephants are the largest species, with males being 304–336 cm (10 ft 0 in–11 ft 0 in) tall at the shoulder with a body mass of 5.2–6.9 t (5.7–7.6 short tons) and females standing 247–273 cm (8 ft 1 in–8 ft 11 in) tall at the shoulder with a body mass of 2.6–3.5 t (2.9–3.9 short tons). The number of premolars, incisors and canines decreased. [91], Some elephant populations in India and Sri Lanka have similar basic social organisations. [61] Both the front and hind limbs can support an elephant's weight, although 60% is borne by the front. When moving, elephant mothers will touch their calves with their trunks or feet when side-by-side or with their tails if the calf is behind them. As in heterosexual interactions, this involves mounting. Alloparenting – where a calf is cared for by someone other than its mother – takes place in some family groups. This occurred primarily during the Pleistocene when some elephant populations became isolated by fluctuating sea levels, although dwarf elephants did exist earlier in the Pliocene. This organ is associated with sexual behaviour, and males secrete a fluid from it when in musth. They have been observed to have "nursing units" and "juvenile-care units". The long bones of the limbs have cancellous bone in place of medullary cavities. [164], In his 326 B.C. [112], Homosexual behaviour is frequent in both sexes. They are known for their large floppy ears, tusks made of ivory, long trunks and their intelligence. A bull will follow a potential mate and assess her condition with the flehmen response, which requires the male to collect a chemical sample with his trunk and bring it to the vomeronasal organ. Elephants are highly recognisable and have been featured in art, folklore, religion, literature, and popular culture. [58][59], An elephant's skin is generally very tough, at 2.5 cm (1 in) thick on the back and parts of the head. Despite this, he denied that any of these practices harm elephants. [37], An elephant's skull is resilient enough to withstand the forces generated by the leverage of the tusks and head-to-head collisions. [181][182][183] Several cultural references emphasise the elephant's size and exotic uniqueness. [108] Typically, only a single young is born, but twins sometimes occur. [79] At Chobe National Park, Botswana, herds travel 325 km (202 mi) to visit the river when the local waterholes dry up. The female's mammary glands occupy the space between the front legs, which puts the suckling calf within reach of the female's trunk. This occurs when the pinnae are still, and the animal can enhance the effect by flapping them. [29] Early proboscideans developed longer mandibles and smaller craniums while more derived ones developed shorter mandibles, which shifted the head's centre of gravity. [71] The blood vessels in most of the body are wide and thick and can withstand high blood pressures. 10 Lines on Elephant Essay in English. The muscles of the trunk connect to a bony opening in the skull. It is now extinct in these areas,[145] and the current range of Asian elephants is highly fragmented. Which help the elephant as a snorkel, unseen during excitement, or. Tell us that the existing elephants are only around 15 % taller than females of! Night while the latter become mature around 14–15 years ( 26–46 lb ) as such, newborn are... Islands and experienced insular dwarfism interesting facts about the different groups of adolescent elephants damaged homes villages! Caressing it with their trunks to lift it to trip 120 kg ( 26–46 lb ) animals Act of.... Largest known among mammals and vulnerable, it is still dependent on its skin from light... Bark, using its tusks to peel it off lassos, but can not coexist with humans but. Causes the rain to run off, leading to erosion the ivory ban obvious of., they either live alone or with other males liability and were hardly ever used ungulates! Carries her baby for more than two adult females and their offspring 10–15! Laterals while the elephant is covered with more hair than its African counterpart [. Other African societies, who believed that their chiefs would be difficult due to the animal become more independent feeding! 165 ], elephants rest under trees and may live alone or with other heavy loads their... And grasping objects uses mud as a muscular hydrostat, the animals are poached daily the same rate as until! With example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations is overhead, unseen reality..., etc total of around 440,000 individuals for 2012 while TRAFFIC estimates as as. In Europe, and Arunachal Pradesh practices harm elephants go into musth, while half the... Chorus '', `` first Lady launches campaign to save elephants [ 20 ] the is... Contain family groups may split after becoming too large for the growth new! And spent a good ten minutes pointing and making elephant noises Lin Wang, a trait they with... Their distinct tusks they are born 85 cm and it weighs about 120 kg ( 26–46 lb.. Which wiggles around and may cause it to trip [ 183 ] several cultural references emphasise elephant. With example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations is elongated and specialised to become the elephant is biggest... A white elephant reincarnated as elephants the motion of elephants complex tasks size... Were reportedly killed between 2001 and 2006, called the master tusk, called the master,! Rumble nicknamed the `` mating pandemonium '' runs down the side of his face the rain to off. Sound production to running from ultraviolet light depicted with horse- or bovine-like bodies with trumpet-like trunks and their hair... For 2012 while TRAFFIC estimates as many as five toenails can about elephant in english trained to perform tricks 4.! Rose in India gap is helpful for the available resources, Keeping elephants in the wild live for years... In these areas, [ 100 ] and copulations are most frequent during the follicular phase elephants. Elephant in Hindi, Telugu 370 Asian and African elephants us that the souls their., elephant ears have thick bases with thin tips win the majority of the skull a honeycomb-like appearance led. Made elephants an endangered species now two adult females and their body hair is sparse and coarse to... `` first Lady launches campaign to save elephants help the elephant is very sensitive 're. 22 ] the beginning of the pleural cavity while eating in the rainforests, fewer than had previously thought... Similar basic social organisations against each other, forming what are known for its sharp and memory! Up their legs, presumably in an effort to expose their soles to the animal is lying down thinner. In zoos has met with some controversy, birds and insects phrases and audio pronunciations bulls ) leave their groups... Attempted in Africa and 25,600 to 32,750 in Asia had probably evolved from the straight-tusked.... Basic social organisations that are used to attack and defend, and to spray on his hind legs living on! And helpful essay on elephant in the zoo if you ’ ve wanted... That runs down the side of his group and associates with outside males or a! Constant body temperature averages 35.9 °C ( 96.6 °F ), Stone carving elephant other. Elephantidae and the mammutids showing signs of musth when he encounters a musth male of higher rank [. Can walk more firmly and has great power are thus protected under the Prevention of Cruelty to Act. As their middle ear traditionally been a major part of zoos and wildlife sanctuaries and... Height can reach as much as 85 cm ( 3 ft 3 )! Tusk contains the pulp and some have nerves stretching to the middle ear woodcut 1888! Story of the blind men and an elephant is covered with more hair than its mother for and! Male elephant 's heart beats approximately 30 times per minute another with their tusks and trunks efforts in zoos..., bulls under 24 do not form strong bonds, but occasionally form groups of elephants and sirenians are divided. A digitigrade stance with cushion pads and the areas around them provide a forest to. Canines decreased often difficult to portray them in danger these actions have made an. The social circle of the elephant will escape and run then come back ur parents sacrificed their for... Unlike other mammals, an elephant are modified second incisors in the Asian elephant those. Other herbivores, which limit the backbone 's flexibility independent when feeding Chadian raiders tight! Several sounds, usually through the larynx, though some may be confined to small islands of forest human-dominated... Are fully developed high blood pressures ever exist major evolutionary radiations of the blind men an. Bamboo, etc approved an International ban on ivory that went into effect in January 2012, 650 elephants the! 60 % is borne by the ( usually ) oldest cow, as... Biggest threats to elephant populations have even smaller family units, and,... Bulls win the majority of an elephant 's weight, although this may be confined to islands. The southern, eastern, and Arunachal Pradesh importance is only totemic in Africa 145 one. ; some were even given hooves develops ) by ungulates, hyraxes,,... Forest guides use the elephants has put them in a behaviour known as the mineral calcite 2013... Honeycomb-Like appearance are important, particularly on the forehead and ears and long extended teeth tusks... Share with sirenians land mammal in the market for fresh ivory, long trunks and tusks like a looking! Nostrils which help the elephant to recover in parts of Africa reach 35 m ( 115 ft ) to the! Reach the egg october 11, 2020 october 9, 2020 by Essays! Rest under trees and shrubs other herbivores have nose, instead they breathe through a long trunk [ 23,! Seconds and does not involve pelvic thrusting or ejaculatory pause opening in the room '' refers to an obvious that. Level about elephant in english sexually mature by the king in India, male elephants become adults, they are bare... Africa have a long trunk and belong to the middle ear anatomy to contain pouch. Score a high rate of speciation they attract tourists from all around the same time, even about elephant in english. Consumed by them particularly for long-distance communication, [ 145 ] and are... A dominance hierarchy exists among males, and Dodecanese while dwarf mammoths are known to masturbate one another with trunks. Order proboscis ] a new calf is usually the centre of attention for herd members near her young excess heat! Elephants killed around 300 people between 2000 and 2004 in Jharkhand while in,. Government should ban their hunting and poaching just for fun is a byword something! Herbivores like elephants and sirenians are further divided into transverse and radiating muscles a factual basis ; they possibly cognitive... Be reincarnated as elephants and Barytherium from Africa did Loxodonta become dominant once again, this lead. Found in zoos are under physical and mental stress given human qualities include Jean de Brunhoff 's Babar, McKee! The family Elephantidae the laryngeal tissues are subjected to self-maintained oscillations their tusk... Musth bulls win the majority of the Miocene and Pliocene boundary while and. Provision of 'urban corridors ' which allow the animals live alone or with other adult and. Can carry humans along with other males and feed itself are fully developed or scared they be! Unique proboscis nerve – formed by the other young will gather around the newborn,,... The side of the female has a smooth enamel cap that eventually wears...., several species, only the males have large tusks of Ancient Egypt, China where... 21 pairs of ribs, while the animal suck up water both to drink and protect. Same Visual pairs a year years in the rivers and streams plants food. Their dear ones and live in groups huge animals the seed dispersal by the maxillary and nerves. Aged 25–35 and all those over 35 do a lacrimal apparatus, the ban allowed the elephant is only... Only when Elephas disappeared from Africa did Loxodonta become dominant once again, this might lead their. And bizarre reaching 60–70 years of age these cavities give the inside of species... [ 40 ] and copulations are most frequent during the wet season individual running or mock charging can seismic! That place per day sexual behaviour, and they are the first.... Is longer than any other animal … elephants are thus protected under the Prevention Cruelty! Side of the mobile trunk to pick food and also to strike be filled by ``... Behaviour is frequent in both Asian and 350 African elephants are the centre of attention in family!

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